Woolfe, R., Strawbridge, S., Douglas, B. & Dryden, W. (2009). Handbook of Counselling Psychology, 3.ed. London: SAGE. Del I, II og IV.
Integration: the process the therapist engages in through a clinical treatment program (through several sessions). Integrative psychology integrates different psychological approaches in one treatment method on a therapeutic level.
There is a difference between eclectisism, where an approach are selected through technical standards, and integration psychology, where approaches is selected from theoretical standards like CBT.
Lambert: there is three traditional perspectives that underlies the client’s improvement in therapy:
– learning theory, that learning can be unlearned
– humanistic/phenomenological perspective – a kind and loving relation
– social psychology of persuasion and cultural defined social roles and behaviour.
What works in therapy and what can produce change is the cooperation between the therapist and the client, the therapeutic bond in the relation between the therapist and the client and the client-related factors like expectation and openness.
The relation between the client and the therapist is seen as an attachment relationship.
The components of therapeutic practice is social and organisational context, personal attention, theoretical understanding, assessment, therapeutic contact and goals, working alliance, therapeutic activities like the tools of empathy and positive regard and the therapeutic relation.
There have been a change in psychotherapy from focusing on the intrapersonal, the inner world of the person, to focusing on the interpersonal, the relational world of the client.